Reset your BIOS, onboard video may have been turned off when you installed the new card.
read your manual bro
+1 I'm throwing in my 2c into this.
Do you get any beeps or anything during POST?
HIGHLY unlikely these days as most cases don't come with 'PC Speakers'.
SFA in the way of motherboards come with em either anymore.
EDIT: what are the outputs on the video card?
(you aren't using any exotic adapters or anything are you?)
What is the 'onboard' video?
is it actually a feature of the motherboard or is it one of the on-die GPUs (think HD2/3/4000)?
If it is literally an onboard video chipset, flick through the manual and see if there's a jumper you can set to disable it.
Yeah I did, moved the jumper across for 10 secs+ and back - still no love.
Last time I reset a CMOS it was a case of turn the whole system off.... switch the jumper... power it up (and leave it for 10-30 seconds) turn it off again and refurbish.